Institutions and Resource-driven Development

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László Szalai


According to the resource curse hypothesis abundant resources are likely to impede economic growth and social development. However, empirical evidences are controversial as numerous studies found that the direct effects of abundance are either insignificant, non-monotonic, or positive, while the negative indirect effects arise when natural wealth crowds-out other fundamental sources of growth. Further research on the different development outcomes concluded that the growth effects are also conditional on the quality of both public and private institutions. Political economy explanations argue that abundance leads to patronage and myopic rent-seeking behavior under weak institutions, whereas it fosters economic growth if the institutional environment of the extraction promotes sound revenue management, transparency, and accountability. This paper aims to synthetize the findings on the interaction between institutions and natural resources and gives an overview of the policy proposals on mitigating the negative indirect effects.


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Szalai, L. (2018). Institutions and Resource-driven Development. World Journal of Applied Economics, 4(1), 39-53.
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