The copyright of the articles belongs to their authors. WJAE asks authors to agree to license their article with Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 Licence under the following terms to abide with the open access policy of the journal:

  • Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
  • NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
  • NoDerivatives — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.
  • No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.

Authors are free to share, reproduce or republish  (i.e. copy and redistribute in any medium or format) their articles. That is they can publish their articles on their own web pages, social media accounts such as research gate or academia edu or the likes, in another book or journal. Note that authors should respect the academic ethics while doing so. Please visit our 'Publication Ethics and Malpractice' page for more details.

Any other third parties (individuals, publishers etc...) can also share and distribute the published articles by respecting the copyright of the authors and the above terms. That is a publisher or individual can share the published articles  in any medium or format if they: 

  • State clearly that the article is originally published in WJAE by giving the cititation for the article following the academic standards and by giving a clear link to the original article
  • do not share/publish the article for commercial purposes. If they do, they should contact with the author of the article to get explicit permission.
  • do not in any way alter the published articles (i.e. no change in text or no watermarks, no advertisements etc...)
  • do not restrict the access to the article, especially by commercial or financial means (i.e. they cannot sell the articles, they cannot ask for subscription money etc...). They should contact with author of the article to get explicit permission to impose restrictions on the access to the articles.