The Effect of Military Expenditure on Profit Rates Evidence from Major Countries

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Adem Yavuz Elveren
Sara Hsu


This article provides evidence of the effect of military expenditures on the rate of profits by focusing on 32 major countries for the period of 1963-2008 by using data from the Extended Penn World Tables, the University of Texas Inequality Project Estimated Household Income Inequality, the World Development Indicator, and the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. The article employs a Generalized Method of Moment model within a Marxist framework. Findings show that military expenditures have positive effect on the rate of profits. It is also showed that increasing income inequality increases the rate of profits. Finally, the findings suggest that while military expenditures have a positive effect on the profit rates in the case of both armsexporting countries and net-arms exporters, the relationship is not that significant in the case of arms-importing countries.


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Elveren, A., & Hsu, S. (2018). The Effect of Military Expenditure on Profit Rates. World Journal of Applied Economics, 4(2), 75-94.
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